Consciousness is recognized as the hard problem of today’s science. It cannot be reduced to swirling atoms or neuronal blips or even ever seen in any micro-scope or scanning. It exposes a problematic and maybe even embarrassing epistemological gap between physics and philosophy. It seems to be contained in the brain, but not produced by the brain, just as the beer is contained in the bottle, but not produced by the bottle… It holds the key to understanding the nature of core phenomena like reality versus dreams.

Consciousness (vinnana) from an Early Buddhist Perspective:

The Buddha on Meditation and Higher States of Consciousness:

Links and online papers on Consciousness:

TIME: The Mystery of Consciousness:,9171,1580394,00.html



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